The Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) program of the United States provides unilateral, non-reciprocal, preferential duty-free entry for thousands of products from beneficiary developing countries for the purpose of aiding their economic development through preferential market access. This program was created by the Trade Act of 1974. Provisions tying intellectual property protection to trade benefits were first added to the Trade and Tariff Act of 1984, and were simplified in the GSP Renewal Act of 1996 to require the President to "take into account the extent to which such country is providing adequate and effective protection of intellectual property rights." Provisions tying market access to these trade benefits were introduced in the GSP Renewal Act of 1996, Subtitle J, which revised 19 USC 502(c)(4) to require the President to take into account "the extent to which [a country seeking to obtain or maintain GSP eligibility] has assured the United States that it will provide equitable and reasonable access to the markets of such country ." There have been many renewals of the GSP Program since 1996, including 1997, 1998, 1999, 2002, 2006, 2008, and 2009 (through December 31, 2010 when the GSP Program expired). On October 21, 2011, President Obama signed legislation to reauthorize the GSP program through July 31, 2013. GSP trade benefits became effective 15 days after the President signed the bill (November 5, 2011) and are to apply retroactively from January 1, 2011.

The GSP Committee is continuing to investigate the IPR practices of Russia, Lebanon, and Uzbekistan, all of which were initiated on petitions originally filed by the IIPA. In late December 2011, IIPA filed petitions requesting reviews of the GSP eligibility of Ukraine (under the IPR criteria) and Indonesia (under the IPR and market access criteria).

January 9, 2012 IIPA Requests U.S. Government Review of Ukraine's and Indonesia's Eligibility for Trade Benefits Under Generalized System of Preferences Program.
December 30, 2011 IIPA Files Petition to Review IPR and Market Access Practices in Indonesia in the 2011 Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) Cycle.
December 29, 2011 IIPA Files Petition to Review IPR and Market Access Practices in Ukraine in the 2011 Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) Cycle.
October 13, 2009 IIPA submits comments to the GSP sub-committee on its review of Maldives' eligibility under GSP.
May 13, 2009 IIPA replied to GSP Subcommittee questions on Lebanon.
May 8, 2009 IIPA replied to GSP Subcommittee questions on Uzbekistan
April 2, 2009 IIPA filed comments and requests to testify at the hearings for the GSP IPR investigations of copyright protection in Lebanon, Russia and Uzbekistan.
August 4, 2008 IIPA submits comments regarding Vietnam's bid to be recognized as a GSP beneficiary country.
October 26, 2007

IIPA supplies post-hearing brief comments on GSP reviews in Lebanon, Russia and Uzbekistan.

October 18, 2007 IIPA's Eric Smith testifies on "International Piracy: The Challenges of Protecting Intellectual Property in the 21st Century, " before the House Subcommittee on Courts, the Internet, and Intellectual Property.
September 21, 2007

IIPA filed comments and requests to testify at the hearings for the GSP IPR investigations of copyright protection in Russia, Lebanon and Uzbekistan.

June 22, 2007 IIPA files updates with the GSP Subcommittee on the ongoing IPR review of Lebanon.
June 21, 2007 IIPA files updates with the GSP Subcommittee on the ongoing IPR review of Russia.
June 21, 2007 IIPA files updates with the GSP Subcommittee on the ongoing IPR review of Uzbekistan.
July 19, 2006 IIPA makes recommendations to the GSP Subcommittee regarding the ongoing Russia GSP IPR investigation.
June 2, 2006 IIPA reiterates request that the U.S. government suspend Russia's eligibility to receive GSP benefits.
March 1, 2006 IIPA files supplemental update on copyright developments in Kazakhstan to the GSP subcommittee.
March 1, 2006 IIPA files supplemental update on copyright developments in Lebanon to the GSP subcommittee.
March 1, 2006 IIPA files supplemental update on copyright developments in Russia to the GSP subcommittee.
March 1, 2006 IIPA files supplemental update on copyright developments in Uzbekistan to the GSP subcommittee.
January 25, 2006 IIPA supports U.S. decision to restore trade benefits to Ukraine, and calls on the Ukrainian government to remain vigilant against optical disc piracy.
January 24, 2006 IIPA endorses termination of the GSP copyright investigation in Pakistan, and calls on the Pakistani Government to remain vigilant against book piracy.
January 13, 2006 IIPA welcomes Brazil's progress on combating piracy as well as commitments to pursue actions to deter piracy and improve enforcement measures in consultation with the U.S. as USTR closes its GSP review of Brazilian copyright practices.
December 14, 2005 IIPA submits post-hearing responses to questions raised at the November 30, 2005 GSP country practice hearing on Kazakstan.
December 14, 2005 IIPA submits post-hearing responses to questions raised at the November 30, 2005 GSP country practice hearing on Lebanon.
December 14, 2005 IIPA submits post-hearing responses to questions raised at the November 30, 2005 GSP country practice hearing on Uzbekistan.
December 14, 2005 IIPA submits post-hearing responses to questions raised at the November 30, 2005 GSP country practice hearing on Pakistan.
December 14, 2005 IIPA submits post-hearing responses to questions raised at the November 30, 2005 GSP country practice hearing on Russia.
November 9, 2005 IIPA files Pre-Hearing Briefs on ongoing GSP IPR reviews for Lebanon, Kazakhstan, Russia, Pakistan and Uzbekistan.
October 14, 2005 IIPA files recommendations on Ukraine's Special 301 out-of-cycle review and its ongoing GSP IPR review.
May 17, 2005 IIPA testifies on copyright piracy in Russia before the House of Representative's Subcommittee on Courts, the Internet, and Intellectual Property.
April 4, 2005 IIPA comments on the extension of the Administration's GSP review of Brazil's copyright practices and urges swift action by the Brazilian government to reduce piracy, improve enforcement and implement its national anti-piracy plan.
December 6, 2004 IIPA expects swift actions by the Brazilian government to improve copyright enforcement and reduce rampant piracy during the extended GSP IPR review.
December 3, 2004 IIPA recommends that Azerbaijan be denied designation as a GSP beneficiary developing country.
July 2, 2004 IIPA reacts to USTR's decisions in seven IPR cases in the 2003 GSP Review Cycle (Brazil, Pakistan, Russia, Dominican Republic, Lebanon, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan).
May 25, 2004 IIPA makes recommendations to the GSP Subcommittee regarding the Petition to commence a GSP IPR investigation regarding Pakistan.
May 25, 2004 IIPA makes recommendations to the GSP Subcommittee regarding the ongoing Lebanon GSP IPR investigation.
May 20, 2004 IIPA makes recommendations to the GSP Subcommittee regarding the ongoing Kazakhstan GSP IPR investigation.
May 20, 2004 IIPA makes recommendations to the GSP Subcommittee regarding the ongoing Uzbekistan GSP IPR investigation.
May 20, 2004 IIPA makes recommendations to the GSP Subcommittee regarding the ongoing Russia GSP IPR investigation.
May 20, 2004 IIPA makes recommendations to the GSP Subcommittee regarding the ongoing Brazil GSP IPR investigation.
May 20, 2004 IIPA makes recommendations to the GSP Subcommittee regarding the ongoing Dominican Republic GSP IPR investigation.
February 18, 2004 IIPA files a supplemental update on current copyright developments in Russia to the GSP Subcommittee.
February 18, 2004 IIPA files a supplemental update on current copyright developments in Uzbekistan to the GSP Subcommittee.
February 18, 2004 IIPA files a supplemental update on current copyright developments in Kazakhstan to the GSP Subcommittee.
February 17, 2004 IIPA files a supplemental update on current copyright developments in Brazil to the GSP Subcommittee.
February 17, 2004 IIPA files a supplemental update on current copyright developments in Dominican Republic to the GSP Subcommittee.
October 31, 2003 IIPA Post-Hearing Brief on GSP Review of Russia.
October 30, 2003 IIPA Post-Hearing Brief on GSP Review of the Dominican Republic.
September 26, 2003 IIPA Pre-Hearing Brief on GSP Review of Russia.
September 26, 2003 IIPA Pre-Hearing Brief on GSP Review of Brazil.
September 26, 2003 IIPA Pre-Hearing Brief on GSP Review of Dominican Republic.
September 26, 2003 IIPA Pre-Hearing Brief on GSP Review of Kazakhstan.
September 26, 2003 IIPA Pre-Hearing Brief on GSP Review of Lebanon.
September 26, 2003 IIPA Pre-Hearing Brief on GSP Review of Uzbekistan.
February 20, 2003 IIPA files supplemental update on copyright developments in Thailand to the GSP subcommittee.
February 14, 2003 IIPA files supplemental update on copyright developments in Armenia to the GSP subcommittee.
February 14, 2003 IIPA files supplemental update on copyright developments in the Brazil to the GSP subcommittee.
February 14, 2003 IIPA files supplemental update on copyright developments in Dominican Republic to the GSP subcommittee.
February 14, 2003 IIPA files supplemental update on copyright developments in Kazakhstan to the GSP subcommittee.
February 14, 2003 IIPA files supplemental update on copyright developments in Lebanon to the GSP subcommittee.
February 14, 2003 IIPA files supplemental update on copyright developments in Pakistan to the GSP subcommittee.
February 14, 2003 IIPA files supplemental update on copyright developments in Russia to the GSP subcommittee.
February 14, 2003 IIPA files supplemental update on copyright developments in Turkey to the GSP subcommittee.
February 14, 2003 IIPA files supplemental update on copyright developments in Uruguay to the GSP subcommittee.
February 14, 2003 IIPA files supplemental update on copyright developments in Uzbekistan to the GSP subcommittee.
October 17, 2002 IIPA supports IPR petitions submitted in the 2001 Annual GSP Country Eligibility Practices Review for Lebanon, Pakistan, Uruguay, and Thailand.
August 7, 2001 IIPA praises U.S. Government action suspending GSP benefits to Ukraine and Imposing possible trade sanctions due to Ukraine's failure to combat piracy.
June 17, 2001 Request of AAP, AFMA, IDSA, MPAA, NMPA and RIAA for review of the Intellectual Property Rights Practices of Thailand in the 2001 Annual GSP Country Eligibility Practices Review, 66 Fed. Reg. 19278 (April 13, 2001).
June 13, 2001 IIPA request for review of the Intellectual Property Rights Practices of Lebanon in the 2001 Annual GSP Country Eligibility Practices Review, 66 Fed. Reg.  19278 (April 13, 2001).
June 13, 2001 IIPA request for review of the Intellectual Property Rights Practices of Pakistan in the 2001 Annual GSP Country Eligibility Practices Review, 66 Fed. Reg.  19278 (April 13, 2001).
June 13, 2001 IIPA request for review of the Intellectual Property Rights Practices of Uruguay in the 2001 GSP Annual Country Eligibility Practices Review, 66 Fed. Reg. 19278 (April 13, 2001).
May 18, 2001 IIPA Post-Hearing Brief to Supplement IIPA's appearance at the April 2001 public hearing pertaining to the identification of Ukraine as a Priority Foreign Country, initiation of a Section 302 Investigation, and Proposed Determinations and Action, 66 Fed. Reg. 18,346 (2001).
April 20, 2001 IIPA final comments concerning the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) pertaining to Ukraine, 66. Fed. Reg. 16,515 (2001).
April 6, 2001 IIPA Post-Hearing Brief for the Country Practices Review of Brazil in the 2000 GSP Annual Review
April 6, 2001 IIPA Post-Hearing Brief for the Country Practices Review of Russia in the 2000 GSP Annual Review
February 23, 2001 IIPA request to appear and Pre-Hearing Brief for the Public Hearing on the Country Practices Review of Brazil in the 2000 GSP Annual Review
February 23, 2001 IIPA request to appear and Pre-Hearing Brief for the Public Hearing on the Country Practices Review of Russia in the 2000 GSP Annual Review
October 23, 2000 IIPA letter to USTR re: IIPA GSP Petition Republic of Moldova
August 21, 2000 IIPA request for review of the Intellectual Property Rights Practices of Brazil in the 2000 Annual GSP Country Eligibility Practices Review
August 21, 2000 IIPA request for review of the Intellectual Property Rights Practices of Costa Rica in the 2000 Annual GSP Country Eligibility Practices Review
August 21, 2000 IIPA request for review of the Intellectual Property Rights Practices of Guatemala in the 2000 Annual GSP Country Eligibility Practices Review
August 21, 2000 IIPA request for review of the Intellectual Property Rights Practices of the Russian Federation in the 2000 Annual GSP Country Eligibility Practices Review
August 21, 2000 IIPA request for review of the Intellectual Property Rights Practices of Uruguay in the 2000 Annual GSP Country Eligibility Practices Review
June 9, 2000 IIPA Post-Hearing and rebuttal Brief in Support of the GSP 1999 Country Practices Review Against the Dominican Republic
March 16, 2000 IIPA Pre-Hearing Brief on GSP Review of Armenia
March 16, 2000 IIPA Pre-Hearing Brief on GSP Review of Dominican Republic
March 16, 2000 IIPA Pre-Hearing Brief on GSP Review of Kazakhstan
March 16, 2000 IIPA Pre-Hearing Brief on GSP Review of Moldova
March 16, 2000 IIPA Pre-Hearing Brief on GSP Review of Ukraine
March 16, 2000 IIPA Pre-Hearing Brief on GSP Review of Uzbekistan
June 16, 1999 IIPA request for review of the Intellectual Property Rights Practices of Armenia in the 1999 Annual GSP Country Eligibility Practices Review
June 16, 1999 IIPA request for review of the Intellectual Property Rights Practices of Belarus in the 1999 Annual GSP Country Eligibility Practices Review

June 16, 1999

IIPA request for review of the Intellectual Property Rights Practices of the Dominican Republic in the 1999 Annual GSP Country Eligibility Practices Review
June 16, 1999 IIPA request for review of the Intellectual Property Rights Practices of Kazakhstan in the 1999 Annual GSP Country Eligibility Practices Review
June 16, 1999 IIPA request for review of the Intellectual Property Rights Practices of the Kyrgyz Republic in the 1999 Annual GSP Country Eligibility Practices Review
June 16, 1999 IIPA request for review of the Intellectual Property Rights Practices of Lebanon in the 1999 Annual GSP Country Eligibility Practices Review
June 16, 1999 IIPA request for review of the Intellectual Property Rights Practices of Moldova in the 1999 Annual GSP Country Eligibility Practices Review

June 16, 1999

IIPA request for review of the Intellectual Property Rights Practices of Peru in the 1999 Annual GSP Country Eligibility Practices Review (Note:  IIPA Withdrew Its Petition Against Peru on February 7, 2000)

June 16, 1999

IIPA request for review of the Intellectual Property Rights Practices of Poland in the 1999 Annual GSP Country Eligibility Practices Review

June 16, 1999

IIPA request for review of the Intellectual Property Rights Practices of the Ukraine in the 1999 Annual GSP Country Eligibility Practices Review

June 16, 1999

IIPA request for review of the Intellectual Property Rights Practices of Uzbekistan in the 1999 Annual GSP Country Eligibility Practices Review

November 20, 1997

IIPA comments regarding protection of Intellectual Property Rights protection in Honduras, 62 Fed. Reg. 60299 (Nov. 7, 1997)

January 8, 1997

IIPA rebuttal comments on the GSP Review of Paraguay

January 8, 1997 IIPA rebuttal comments on the GSP Review of Panama
December 11, 1996 IIPA Post-Hearing comments on the GSP Review of Paraguay
December 11, 1996 IIPA Post-Hearing comments on the GSP Review of Panama
October 29, 1996 IIPA comments on the GSP Review of Paraguay and Panama

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